Sunday, August 30, 2020

You Can Fool Some of the People . . . August 30, 2020




You Can Fool Some of the People . . .


By LARRY ROMANOFF – August 30, 2020 


ENGLISH  ESPAÑOL

This article is merely a curiosity dealing with language and culture but may be of interest to a few readers, and perhaps of occasional assistance in assessing comments made by others. My observations were prompted by my notice of a few persons commenting here who pretend to be something (or someone) they are not, in particular one person masquerading as a Chinese. It isn't common, but perhaps interesting. Let's look at a few cultural differences and see where this takes us.

 

Canadians and Americans particularly, in spite of their "melting pots" of peoples and cultures, generally display little to no understanding of other cultures and tend to interpret differences through ideological lenses and their lack of a culture, usually resulting in misunderstanding or misinterpreting comments or points of view, often arriving at conclusions that are wrong.

 

In your face

 

As one example, a high-ranking American politician said recently that the Chinese need to rid themselves of what she termed their "shyness and lack of confidence". It was beyond the limits of her understanding to realise that what she was seeing was neither shyness nor a lack of confidence, but modesty, one of the more charming characteristics of typical Chinese and Asians generally. American women as a class are not modest, are typically neither "shy" nor lacking "confidence" and tend to have a bolder "in your face" attitude compared to Asian women.

 

SP -- LARRY ROMANOFF -- Puedes engañar a alguna gente... -- August 30, 2020


 

Puedes engañar a alguna gente...

Por Larry Romanoff – 30 de Agosto, 2020  

(No hay nada encubierto que no vaya a ser descubierto,

y nada secreto que no vaya a ser conocido)

ENGLISH  ESPAÑOL

 

Este artículo es una mera curiosidad que trata del idioma y de la cultura, pero puede ser de interés para algunos lectores, y tal vez de ayuda ocasional para evaluar los comentarios hechos por otros. Mis análisis fueron motivados por mi observación de unas pocas personas que comentan aquí y que pretenden ser algo (o alguien) que no son, en particular una persona que se hace pasar por china. No es muy común, pero tal vez sea interesante. Veamos algunas diferencias culturales y veamos a dónde nos lleva esto.

Los canadienses y los americanos en particular, a pesar de su "crisol" de pueblos y de culturas, suelen mostrar poca o ninguna comprensión de otras culturas y tienden a interpretar las diferencias a través de lentes ideológicas y de su falta de cultura, lo que suele dar lugar a malentendidos o a una mala interpretación de los comentarios o puntos de vista, llegando a menudo a conclusiones erróneas.

 

En tu cara

Por ejemplo, una política americana de alto rango dijo recientemente que los chinos necesitan deshacerse de lo que ella denominó su "timidez y falta de confianza". Estaba más allá de los límites de su comprensión el darse cuenta de que lo que estaba viendo, que no era ni timidez ni falta de confianza, sino modestia, una de las características más encantadoras de los chinos y de los típicos asiáticos en general. Las mujeres americanas como clase no son modestas, no suelen ser ni tímidas ni faltas de "confianza", y tienden a tener una actitud más audaz "en tu cara" en comparación con las mujeres asiáticas.

Por lo tanto, una típica mujer china que finja ser una chica americana probablemente lo hará mal, y una mujer americana que finja ser una china nativa no tendría ni idea de cómo comportarse y probablemente no engañaría a nadie. En este mismo contexto, un francés que se hace pasar por alemán no puede engañar a un italiano por mucho tiempo. Las características nacionales de los pueblos se ven poderosamente afectadas por su cultura y su religión, con rasgos que emanan directamente de la psique y que no son fácilmente imitables. Los fundamentos son simplemente demasiado diferentes.

 

Saturday, August 29, 2020

This is all So Very Wrong -- August 29, 2020




This is all So Very Wrong

By LARRY ROMANOFF – August 29, 2020

 

 

ENGLISH  ESPAÑOL


This essay is another attempt to help Edward Bernays "bewildered herd" connect some dots. The content is only marginally about politics but these two following quotes are necessary to set the context.

 

Montagu Norman, Governor of The Bank of England, in a speech to the US Bankers’ Association in New York City in 1924:

 

"By dividing the voters through the political party system, we can get them to expend their energies in fighting for questions of no importance. It is thus, by discrete action, we can secure for ourselves that which has been so well planned and so successfully accomplished."

 

From Boris Berezovsky's failed attempt to transform Russia into a fake two-party state:

 

". . . heated public battles would be provoked and fought on socially-divisive issues, while both parties would be controlled from the stage wings by the same small group of ruling elites and bankers. With the citizens permanently divided and popular dissatisfaction safely channeled into meaningless dead-ends, these puppet-masters could maintain unlimited wealth and power for themselves, with little threat to their reign." (1)

 

Let's assume that many writers, readers and commenters are correct in their assessment of today's sociological and geo-political climates, that we are being misled and manipulated by someone - the Deep State, the Power Behind the Throne, the Globalists, the Satanists . . ., as Bernays said, ". . . they who pull the wires which control the public mind." (2)

 

It goes without saying that if we want to 'pull the wires' which control the minds of our 'bewildered herd', we must control the narrative, the range of public discourse on these issues. If we pay attention to the mass media on the occurrence of many events, it is easy to see that we are often being propagandised and programmed to see the world through the same pair of eyes - the pair our masters want us to look through. It is a most effective tool of public manipulation, with most of us unaware this thought control is taking place. In simple terms, if you can focus the public on asking the wrong questions, you needn't worry about the answers. (3) I want to focus here first, with a few examples.

 

Some years ago there were intense debates about the future of the Euro, with growing public opinion that the group currency was a failed experiment and European nations should revert to their original national currencies. But the mass media suddenly spawned a flood of debate centered on a wide range of options more or less titled "What is the best way to save the Euro?", forcing public debate into a context where continuation of the Euro was assumed as immutable and all discussion focused on methods of preservation. Of course, the real question was "Should the Euro be saved?", but those raising this question were ignored, mocked, derided, and painted as traitors to Europe.

 

SP -- LARRY ROMANOFF -- Todo esto está Muy Mal -- August 29, 2020





Todo esto está Muy Mal

Por Larry Romanoff – 24 de Agosto, 2020


 ENGLISH  ESPAÑOL

Este ensayo es otro intento de ayudar a la "manada desconcertada" de Edward Bernays a conectar algunos puntos. El contenido es sólo marginalmente acerca de la política, pero estas dos citas siguientes son necesarias para establecer el contexto.

Montagu Norman, Gobernador del Banco de Inglaterra, en un discurso ante la Asociación de Banqueros de los Estados Unidos en la ciudad de Nueva York en 1924:

"Dividiendo a los votantes con el sistema de partidos políticos, podemos hacer que gasten sus energías en luchar por cuestiones sin importancia. Así, mediante una acción discreta, podemos asegurarnos lo que ha sido tan bien planeado y tan exitosamente logrado."

Del fallido intento de Boris Berezovsky de transformar a Rusia en un falso estado bipartidista:

"... acaloradas batallas públicas serían provocadas y libradas sobre temas socialmente divisivos, mientras que ambas partes estarían controladas desde bastidores por el mismo pequeño grupo de elites de gobernantes y banqueros. Con los ciudadanos permanentemente divididos y la insatisfacción popular canalizada con seguridad hacia callejones sin salida y sin sentido, estos titiriteros podrían mantener una riqueza y un poder ilimitados para ellos mismos, con pocas amenazas para su reinado." (1)

 

Monday, August 24, 2020

My God and my Glock - the Theology of Guns -- August 24, 2020


 

 My God and my Glock - the Theology of Guns

 

By LARRY ROMANOFF – August 24, 2020


Updated version of the article

appeared on January 20, 2020

 


 ENGLISH ESPAÑOL


According to Americans, God is a really pro-gun dude. In fact, one pastor of a New Bethel Christian Church gave a sermon where he announced that "God and guns were part of the foundation of this country.", and invited his entire congregation to wear their guns to church to "celebrate our rights as Christian Americans". 


Most US states permit the carrying of loaded and concealed weapons in churches. This has become a crusade where one's belief in God and His Holy Gospels are at stake, with one minister claiming "When someone tells me that being a Christian and carrying firearms are contradictions, that's just bull---".

 

 

In an article that Watching America translated from the German Die Tageszeitung was this passage:

 

"Among the books on the shelf behind Pastor James McAbee's desk are two Bibles. He quotes scripture from one - those passages that portray God as a warrior - and the other is hollowed out to conceal a pistol. Loaded. Always close at hand. James McAbee is a man of God and a man of guns. He makes more money from the guns than he does from God. James McAbee loved guns before he loved God. Now he loves both and doesn't consider that contradictory. McAbee's parishioners come to church armed, and he personally always has an Austrian Glock .40 caliber on his person or in his car."


SP -- LARRY ROMANOFF -- Mi Dios y mi Glock* - la Teología de las Armas -- August 24, 2020


 

Mi Dios y mi Glock* - la Teología de las Armas

 

Por Larry Romanoff - 24 de agosto de 2020


Versión actualizada del artículo que apareció el 20 de enero de 2020

 

 

 

ENGLISH ESPAÑOL


Según los americanos, Dios es un tipo muy pro-armas. De hecho, un pastor de una iglesia cristiana de New Bethel dio un sermón en el que anunció que "Dios y las armas eran parte de la fundación de este país", e invitó a toda su congregación a llevar sus armas a la iglesia para "celebrar nuestros derechos como americanos cristianos". 

 

La mayoría de los estados de EE.UU. permiten llevar armas cargadas y ocultas en las iglesias. Esto se ha convertido en una cruzada en la que la creencia en Dios y sus Santos Evangelios están en juego, con un ministro diciendo "Cuando alguien me dice que ser cristiano y llevar armas de fuego es una contradicción,... eso es una chorrada...".

 

En un artículo que Watching America tradujo del alemán Die Tageszeitung había este fragmento:

 

"Entre los libros de la estantería detrás del escritorio del pastor James McAbee hay dos Biblias. Cita las escrituras de una de ellas -esos pasajes que retratan a Dios como un guerrero-, y la otra está ahuecada para ocultar una pistola. Cargada. Siempre a mano. James McAbee es un hombre de Dios y un hombre de armas. Gana más dinero con las armas que con Dios. James McAbee amaba las armas antes de amar a Dios. Ahora ama a ambos y no considera eso contradictorio. Los feligreses de McAbee vienen a la iglesia armados, y él personalmente siempre tiene una Glock austriaca calibre 40 con él o en su coche."


Saturday, August 22, 2020

American Exceptionalism -- August 22, 2020


 

American Exceptionalism


LARRY ROMANOFF • AUGUST 22, 2020


Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About American (White ...

 

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"Welcome to America, the Land of Freedom", read the signs at Washington, DC's international airport as you line up to have your fingerprints taken and your body cavities searched for mini nuclear devices.

 

I could have titled this article "Setting the Cat among the Pigeons". In an attempt to forestall the expected avalanche of disagreement, I confirm my awareness of statistics produced by a wide range of individuals and institutions of widely-varying intent and ideology, and which can "prove" almost anything one cares to prove, GINI coefficients being one easy example. The statistics on which this article is based were not selected carelessly and are not invalidated by a reader’s disaffection.

 

The United States Is the Best Only at Being the Worst

 

The US today has the greatest income inequality of all Western nations (1) (2), surpassing China and more than a few undeveloped nations as well. From this, it has the lowest social mobility of most nations (3), meaning that improving one's station in life is becoming increasingly impossible. If your parents are not educated and wealthy, you will never be either, and the American Dream is dead. The US today has the smallest middle class and the largest lower class of all major nations, the middle class having been mostly eviscerated in 2008,  that process completing itself today, and will probably never now recover. Americans carry the largest amount of personal debt among all nations (4), including credit card debt and increasingly unrepayable student loans, and the US now leads the world in personal bankruptcies (5). Since 2008, according to the US government's own statistics, the US has the lowest percentage of home ownership at 57% (6), ranked 43rd in the world, far below China at 90% (7), and America now has a virtual epidemic of homelessness compared to most other nations, with untabulated millions of homeless families with children.

 

 

The poverty rate in the US is extraordinary, with official statistics placing this number at 13% but in reality with more than 25% of the population living below the poverty line, in most cases far below (8). It also has the highest percentage of children living in poverty, and with almost a third of all US citizens dependent on food stamps and other government aid to survive (9). Unemployment is also extraordinary. According to the government's own statistics, fully 40% of working-age Americans have no job (10) (11), with many of the rest under-employed, working only part-time. It is only American cities or those in the most impoverished of nations that contain such vast areas of urban decay and desperate slums like those of Detroit and Chicago, where half of the areas are violent crime-ridden wastelands where no one goes.

 

SP -- LARRY ROMANOFF -- El Excepcionalismo Americano -- August 22, 2020



El Excepcionalismo Americano


Larry Romanoff • 22 de Agosto, 2020

 

 

Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About American (White ...

 

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"Bienvenidos a América, la Tierra de la Libertad", lean los letreros en el aeropuerto internacional de Washington DC mientras hacen fila para que les tomen las huellas dactilares y les revisen las cavidades de su cuerpo en busca de mini dispositivos nucleares.

 

Podría haber titulado este artículo "Poniendo al gato entre las palomas". En un intento de prevenir la esperada avalancha de desacuerdo, confirmo mi conocimiento de las estadísticas producidas por una amplia gama de individuos e instituciones de muy diversa intención e ideología, y que pueden "probar" casi cualquier cosa que uno se preocupe de probar, siendo los coeficientes de GINI* un ejemplo fácil. Las estadísticas en las que se basa este artículo no fueron seleccionadas descuidadamente y no se ven invalidadas por la desafección del lector.

 

Los Estados Unidos son los Mejores Sólo en lo Peor

 

Los EE.UU. tienen hoy la mayor desigualdad de ingresos de todas las naciones occidentales (1) (2) superando a China y a más de unas pocas naciones subdesarrolladas también. Por ello, tiene la menor movilidad social de la mayoría de las naciones (3), lo que significa que mejorar la posición de uno en la vida se está volviendo cada vez más imposible. Si tus padres no son educados y ricos, tú tampoco lo serás nunca, y el Sueño Americano está muerto. Los EE.UU. tienen hoy en día la clase media más pequeña y la clase baja más grande de todas las grandes naciones, la clase media fue en su mayoría aniquilada en 2008, ese proceso se completa hoy en día y probablemente ya nunca se recuperará. Los americanos tienen la mayor cantidad de deuda personal entre todas las naciones (4), incluyendo deudas de tarjetas de crédito y préstamos estudiantiles cada vez más impagables, y los EE.UU. ahora lideran el mundo en bancarrotas personales (5). Desde 2008, según las propias estadísticas del gobierno de los EE.UU., este país tiene el porcentaje más bajo de propiedad de la vivienda con un 57% (6), ocupando el puesto 43 en el mundo, muy por debajo de China con un 90% (7), y América tiene ahora una virtual epidemia de los sin hogar en comparación con la mayoría de las otras naciones, con millones de familias con niños sin hogar sin contabilizar.

 


La tasa de pobreza en los Estados Unidos es extraordinaria, que las estadísticas oficiales sitúan esta cifra en el 13%, pero en realidad más del 25% de la población vive por debajo del umbral de pobreza, en la mayoría de los casos muy por debajo (8). También tiene el porcentaje más alto de niños que viven en la pobreza, y casi un tercio de todos los ciudadanos de EE.UU. dependen de los cupones de alimentos y de otras ayudas del gobierno para sobrevivir (9). El desempleo también es extraordinario. De acuerdo con las estadísticas del gobierno, el 40% de los americanos en edad de trabajar no tiene trabajo (10) (11), y muchos de los demás están sub-empleados, trabajando sólo a tiempo parcial. Sólo las ciudades americanas o las de las naciones más empobrecidas contienen áreas tan vastas de decadencia urbana y desesperados barrios bajos como los de Detroit y Chicago, donde la mitad de las áreas son páramos violentos adonde nadie va.

 

PT -- LARRY ROMANOFF -- O Excepcionalismo Americano -- August 22, 2020




O Excepcionalismo Americano

LARRY ROMANOFF • AUGUST 22, 2020

Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About American (White ...

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"Bem-vindo à América, Terra da Liberdade", pode ler nas placas do aeroporto internacional de Washington, DC enquanto está na fila para tirar as impressões digitais e serem feitas buscas às cavidades do seu corpo, à procura de dispositivos nucleares de pequenas dimensões.

Poderia ter intitulado este artigo "Lançar o Gato no meio dos Pombos". Numa tentativa de evitar a próxima avalanche de desacordo e confirmo o meu conhecimento das estatísticas produzidas por uma vasta série de indivíduos e instituições de intenções e ideologias amplamente variadas, e que podem "provar" quase tudo que se queira provar, sendo um exemplo fácil, os coeficientes GINI. As estatísticas nas quais este artigo se baseia não foram seleccionadas ao acaso e não podem ser invalidadas pelo descontentamento do leitor.

Os Estados Unidos são os Melhores, Somente, por Serem os Piores

Os Estados Unidos têm, hoje, a maior desigualdade de rendimento per capita de todas as nações ocidentais (1) (2), ultrapassando a China e também mais do que algumas nações subdesenvolvidas. A partir deste ponto, têm a menor mobilidade social da maioria das nações (3), o que significa que está, cada vez mais, a ser impossível melhorar a condição de vida. Se os seus pais não forem educados e ricos, o leitor também nunca o será, e morre o sonho americano. Hoje em dia, os Estados Unidos têm a menor classe média e a maior classe baixa de todas as nações importantes, tendo a classe média sido praticamente estripada em 2008. Esse processo está a ser finalizado hoje e, provavelmente, nunca mais se recuperará. Os americanos são portadores do maior montante de dívidas pessoais entre todas as nações (4), incluindo dívidas de cartão de crédito e empréstimos universitários, cada vez mais difíceis de reembolsar e, agora, os EUA lideram o mundo em falências pessoais (5). De acordo com as estatísticas governamentais, os EUA, desde 2008, têm a menor percentagem de cidadãos com casa própria, apenas 57% (6), ocupando o 43º lugar no mundo, muito abaixo da China que abrange 90% (7), e têm agora uma epidemia virtual de indivíduos sem abrigo em comparação com a maioria das outras nações, com milhões de famílias com crianças na condição de sem abrigo e que não estão referenciadas nessas mesmas estatísticas.

A taxa de pobreza nos Estados Unidos é extraordinária, com estatísticas oficiais referindo esse número em 13%, mas na realidade com mais de 25% da população a viver abaixo da linha de pobreza, na maioria dos casos bem abaixo (8). Também têm a maior percentagem de crianças a viver em estado de pobreza, e quase um terço de todos os cidadãos dos EUA depende de cupões de alimentação e de outras ajudas do governo para sobreviver (9). O desemprego também é extraordinário. De acordo com as estatísticas governamentais, 40% dos americanos em idade produtiva não têm emprego (10) (11), muitos dos demais estão subempregados e trabalham apenas meio período. Só as cidades americanas ou as cidades de nações mais empobrecidas é que contêm áreas tão vastas de decadência urbana e favelas desesperadas como as de Detroit e de Chicago, onde metade das áreas são terras devastadas e violentas, onde não vai ninguém.

Sunday, August 16, 2020

PT -- LARRY ROMANOFF - CIA -- Projecto MK-ULTRA -- July 2, 2020

 


 

CIA --Projecto MK-ULTRA

por Larry Romanoff 

2 de Julho de 2020

Nota importante: O autor escreveu posteriormente uma reformulação deste mesmo artigo, com informação adicional, devidamente comprovada. Será traduzido logo que possível.

Retiring director of the CIA Allen Dulles (centre) with US President John F Kennedy and Dulles’ CIA replacement John A. McCone in Washington, DC. in early 1960s. Picture: AP

Director aposentado da CIA, Allen Dulles (no centro) com o Presidente dos EUA, John F Kennedy, e o substituto da DIA na CIA, John A. McCone, em Washington, DC. no início dos anos 1960. Foto: A

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•Projecto MK-ULTRA da CIA 

•O Instituto de Pesquisa Stanford 

• A Câmara de Horrores de  Gottlieb's

•O Holocausto das Criancinhas da CIA – e o Crime do Século do Canadá  

•As memórias Ausentes do Quarto de Dormir

•A morte de Harold Blauer 

•A Vida e Morte de Frank Olson 

•CIA O Projecto MK-DELTA da CIA, de Stanley Glickman - Uma Grande Experiência com Pão Francês

•Os Americanos a Enfrentar de Novo os Seus Crimes

•Sidney Gottlieb



•O Projecto MK-ULTRA da CIA

O governo dos Estados Unidos financiou e realizou inúmeras experiências psicológicas em seres humanos sem o conhecimento deles, especialmente durante a Guerra Fria, talvez parcialmente para ajudar a desenvolver técnicas mais eficientes de tortura e interrogatório para os militares dos EUA e para a CIA, mas a extensão, o alcance e a duração quase inacreditáveis dessas actividades ultrapassaram muito as possíveis aplicações em interrogatórios, e parecem ter sido realizadas a partir de uma desumanidade fundamental e monstruosa. Ler  apenas os resumos, mesmos sem mencionar os detalhes, é por si só, quase traumatizante.


Em estudos iniciados no final da década de 1940 e no início da década de 1950, o Exército dos EUA começou a identificar e a testar soros da verdade, como mescalina e escopolamina, em seres humanos, que invocaram ser de utilidade durante os interrogatórios a espiões soviéticos. Esses programas acabaram por se expandir num projecto de amplo campo de acção e enorme ambição, centralizado sob a competência da CIA, no que viria a ser designado como Projecto MK-ULTRA, uma importante colecção de projectos de interrogatório e controlo da mente. Inspirada inicialmente pelas ilusões de um programa de lavagem cerebral, a CIA iniciou milhares de experiências usando indivíduos americanos e estrangeiros, muitas vezes sem o seu conhecimento ou contra a sua vontade, destruindo inúmeras dezenas de milhares de vidas e causando muitas mortes e suicídios. Financiada, em parte, pelas Fundações Rockefeller e Ford e operada conjuntamente pela CIA, pelo FBI e pelas divisões de inteligência (serviços secretos) de todos os grupos militares, essa pesquisa da CIA, que durou décadas, constituiu uma imensa colecção de algumas das atrocidades mais cruéis e desagradáveis ​​que se possam imaginar, num esforço determinado em desenvolver técnicas confiáveis ​​de controlo da mente humana.


Tuesday, August 11, 2020

SP -- LARRY ROMANOFF -- Revolución de Color instigada por los Americanos en 1989


 

Plaza de Tiananmen: El Fracaso de una Revolución de Color instigada por los Americanos en 1989

 

Por Larry Romanoff -- 24 de Septiembre 24, 2019



PHOTO: A lone demonstrator stands down a column of tanks, June 5, 1989, at the entrance to Tiananmen Square in Beijing.


 

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Hay pocos lugares en China que parezcan más grabados a fuego en la conciencia de los típicos occidentales que la Plaza de Tiananmen, y pocos eventos más comúnmente mencionados que las protestas estudiantiles de 1989. Pero las historias son erróneas en diversos niveles. Los medios de comunicación occidentales nunca informaron de que hubo dos eventos separados que ocurrieron en Beijing el 4 de junio de 1989. Uno fue una protesta estudiantil que culminó con una sentada de varios miles de estudiantes universitarios en la Plaza de Tiananmen, que duró varias semanas y finalmente terminó el 4 de junio. El otro fue la huelga de trabajadores de un día que ocurrió (quizás no por casualidad) también el 4 de junio, cuando un grupo de trabajadores descontentos con su suerte en la vida organizó su propia protesta independientemente de los estudiantes, y en un lugar diferente. Por razones que se harán evidentes, la protesta de los trabajadores es el foco necesario para entender los eventos de esa fecha, así que empezaré por ahí.

 

La revuelta de los trabajadores

 

Un grupo de trabajadores se reunió y puso barricadas en varias calles de Muxidi, una zona de Beijing a cinco o seis kilómetros de la Plaza de Tiananmen, donde asistieron varios centenares de trabajadores, en su mayoría adultos, con unos cuantos jóvenes de un número indeterminado. Sin embargo, había presente un tercer grupo bastante grande que, hasta donde yo sé, nunca ha sido claramente identificado, aunque es evidente por las fotos que no eran trabajadores y ciertamente no eran jóvenes estudiantes. (1) Matones o anarquistas podría ser un adjetivo apropiado, pero los hechos parecen apoyar la conclusión (y mi propio juicio personal) de que eran mercenarios. (2)


Citibank - The Great Gold Robbery -- August 11, 2020




Citibank- The Great Gold Robbery

 

LARRY ROMANOFF • AUGUST 11, 2020

 

 

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In its promotions in China, Citibank boasts of having been first established in China in 1902, testifying to its devotion to China by displaying a photo of some currency issued in China by the National City Bank of New York. But then from 1902 until Citi's trepidatious re-entry into the backwater of Shenzhen in China in the late 1980s, there is nothing. Specifically, there is no information on Citi's activities during this period, other than the names of a dozen cities with branch locations and a muffled statement that Citibank left China "because of the war". During that period we have only silence. Not only silence, but a strange lack of the written word. In fact, the Internet, at least those parts that can be controlled, have been totally sanitised. According to the entire world's media and historical archives, Citibank did not exist in China from 1902 to 1949, in other words from the day it arrived to the day it left. We will soon learn why.

 

 

In the early 1900s in most countries, the governments' central banks did not issue currency, leaving this task to the various chartered banks each of whom was permitted to issue unlimited amounts of currency provided it had sufficient backing in gold or silver to correspond to the volume of paper money it printed. And in many countries, paper currencies from many banks circulated simultaneously and were freely interchangeable, accepted as cash based on the assurance of precious metal backing. This condition was also true in China, with both Chinese and foreign banks issuing their versions of paper money.

 

 

In Citibank's case or, more correctly, the National City Bank of New York, permission was granted to open branches in Shanghai and to issue paper money based on the requirement of precious metal backing, a stipulation with which Citi complied. (1) But then with controls lacking due to Japan's presence and the disruptive interference in China by the Western powers, Citi became ambitious and expanded its branch network to fourteen different cities - without permission - and began issuing unlimited amounts of currency in all of them, but without the gold or silver underpinnings. Citi was on the edge of bankruptcy at the time and had no further assets to commit, so the bank simply began printing and issuing totally unbacked Chinese currency with the assumption that it would be accepted by the population. (2) This was true "suitcase banking", since these were simply illegal shell banks with no assets and no evidence of registered capital. I could find no definitive record of the total amount of fake currency Citi issued, but it would certainly have been in the tens of billions of dollars, contributing heavily to China's inflation and producing massive criminal profits for the bank.

 

But there was much more, with the owners of Citibank crafting and perpetrating what was perhaps the largest fraudulent theft in China's entire 5,000-year history. Citi wasn't satisfied with the profits from selling paper money and so devised a scheme to plunder the gold from Chinese households, gold which was held by most citizens as a traditional form of savings. The bank began a widely-promoted campaign to encourage all Chinese to bring their gold bars to Citibank for storage in the bank's vaults, on the premise of safety, all citizens being given paper gold certificates as evidence of their deposits, certificates which could be redeemed at any time for the actual gold. (3) The Chinese government made strenuous efforts to discourage its citizens from participating in this program since it had already been abundantly clear that the foreigners could not be trusted.

 

 

Unfortunately, many Chinese chose to disregard these warnings and trustingly handed over their gold bars to the National City Bank of New York for safekeeping. But then one day when the vaults were full to overflowing and the handwriting on the wall, our bankers had a change of heart. They transferred all that gold from their vaults to US military vessels and sent it all home to New York. Then Citibank just closed its doors, said "Good-bye, China", and returned home. From reports I've seen, that gold eventually ended up with the US FED. You may recall that in the 1970s the FED suddenly and without provocation decided to re-melt all its gold holdings and recast them into bars of different shapes. FED officials were never able to explain the reason for such an expensive and far-reaching undertaking, but one obvious result would be to destroy forever the original markings on all those bars, preventing any future claim of ownership.

 

 

Interestingly, the occupying Japanese military were able to confirm this sequence of events, which was reported in the New York Times, having suspected the process and initiating the habit of inspecting US warships prior to departure from Shanghai, and in more than one case ordering the Americans to offload the gold, some of it apparently 'belonging' to the Morgan and Chase banks. But it seems most of it managed to escape, and once again the total was certainly in the tens of billions of dollars - and this was in the 1940s. Given the proven cases and moderate estimates of residuals, it is abundantly clear that Citibank owes Chinese citizens far more than the entire capital value of the bank today.

 

 

According to reports of the time of Citi's evacuation, many people brought their gold certificates to the bank's Shanghai branch for redemption but were stalled by the staff and found signs stating that all Citibank's business had been settled and citizens should refer to the Bank of China. It was later apparent that Citi had long been preparing for its retreat from China, having left virtually no evidence of anything in its offices, having removed or destroyed all evidence of all events of its 40+ year criminal history in China. It also seems apparent from the historical record that Citibank was in desperate straits during this period, having lost its assets in Cuba and South America, in Russia after the revolution, in the US during the depression, and was on the verge of insolvency. Various books have referred to this period, one published by Harvard University (4) (5) stating that Citibank's miraculous development was due entirely to its "rapid acquisition of assets" in China, some authors documenting Citi's China assets at about 30 billion yuan in Northern China and another more than 10 billion in the South, these 'acquired assets' having been transferred to the US.

 

 

Naturally, even still today, there are many Chinese with all their intact historical documentation who want to recover their gold from Citibank. Many groups of Chinese have hired lawyers in both China and the US in attempts to present their documented claims to various courts and, just as naturally, Citibank does all within its power to prevent such claims being heard in any court anywhere. In China, Citi's defense is that it operated as a different legal entity - the National City Bank of New York - and therefore cannot be sued in China since that entity no longer exists. However, prosecution would be admissible in the US since Citi is deemed the legal descendant of that prior bank. One group in particular presented all the supporting evidence to document a claim against Citibank for $250 million. Eventually a New York court agreed to admit and hear the case of these Chinese plaintiffs, with the odd stipulation that each plaintiff would have to appear in person in the US courts to give their testimony. (6) (7) (8) (9)

 

 

No problem so far. (10) But when these Chinese plaintiffs attended the American consulates in China to obtain their travel visas, the US State Department refused to accept any of the applications and denied all travel visas to the US. The Americans refused to offer any explanation, but then we don't really need one, do we? No travel visa, no personal appearance in a US courtroom, no trial, no refund of billions in gold by Citibank. It was not helpful or appreciated when US State Department officials mocked these Chinese plaintiffs by telling them to "pursue your claims in China", knowing full well that could not be done. Nothing much to do, but let's not hear any more stories about the independence of the US judiciary, or ideological tales about rule of law. Of course, even American lawyers said the actions of the US Consulate in Shenyang (in refusing the visas) were illegal, but in China they have diplomatic immunity and cannot be charged or forced to appear in a court.

 

 

There were other messy complications. One plaintiff, a Shao Lianhua, experienced serious difficulty in finding an American lawyer to take his case, claiming US lawyers treated his party with contempt, stating openly they would not assist any Chinese in extracting money from the US. At one point, when Shao was staying in a Los Angeles hotel, two heavily-armed police came into his room and demanded a search of his possessions - illegal under US law without a search warrant or express permission from the victim, neither of which they had. Nevertheless, the police made clear they were searching for Shao's gold certificates which he was to present to a court the following day. Shao had fortunately taken the precaution of hiding the certificates sufficiently well the police were unable to find them. However, equally unable to prevent their searching, Shao called his lawyer and, after some protracted discussions, the police left. But they were not police. From their cards and photos the lawyers identified them as US Treasury Secret Agents. (11) We can legitimately ask why the US Treasury, acting on orders from the White House, would send armed agents to perform an illegal search for the sole purpose of confiscating the essential evidence of Citibank's fraud.

 

 

Many Chinese today are still pursuing Citibank for their gold, and are increasingly demanding that China's Central Government finally assist them in their venture, perhaps by amending the laws to match those in the US and thus permit Citibank to be sued in China. (12) (13)

 

 

Notes

 

 

[1] *https://www.unz.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Reference1.jpg

[2] *https://www.unz.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Reference2.jpg

[2] *https://www.unz.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Reference3.jpg

(4)https://www.amazon.com/Citibank-1812-1970-Harvard-Studies-Business/dp/0674131754

(5) https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/5545673-citibank-1812-1970 

[6] *https://www.unz.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Reference6.jpg

[7] *https://www.unz.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Reference7.jpg

[8] *https://www.unz.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Reference8.jpg

[9] *https://www.unz.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Reference9.jpg

[10] *https://www.unz.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Reference10.jpg

[11] *https://www.unz.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Reference11.jpg

(12) http://news.cri.cn/gb/41/2004/03/31/107@114806.htm

(13)http://www.szhgh.com/Article/opinion/zatan/201401/42389.html                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   

*

Larry Romanoff is a retired management consultant and businessman. He has held senior executive positions in international consulting firms, and owned an international import-export business. He has been a visiting professor at Shanghai’s Fudan University, presenting case studies in international affairs to senior EMBA classes. Mr. Romanoff lives in Shanghai and is currently writing a series of ten books generally related to China and the West. He can be contacted at: 2186604556@qq.com

 Copyright © Larry RomanoffMoon of Shanghai, 2020